How to Make a GarageBand Rap Beat
If you own a Mac, then you automatically own GarageBand. It is a fully equipped music creation DAW that has a complete sound library that includes instruments, presets for guitar and voice, and an astonishing selection of session drummers and percussionists. It has an intuitive, modern design. It is easy to learn, play, record, create, and share your music.
Unlike traditional digital Audio Workstation software, it is easy to use and you don’t even need to know how to play an instrument to be able to use it. If you are an aspiring artist and beatmaker but are unsure about what software, to begin with, GarageBand is a great way to get started. If you outgrow GarageBand, you can always upgrade to a more powerful software in the future.
Using Apple’s GarageBand software you can create your rap beats by mixing and looping prerecorded audio samples. You don’t need any formal music training or sound engineering skills to get started. You only need a basic idea of the kind of beat you want to create and motivation and you’ll be able to bring your beat to life. So how do you make a GarageBand rap beat?
How to Make a GarageBand Rap Beat
Before you begin making your beat, you first of all have to plan it. How can you do this?
- Understand the anatomy of a hip-hop beat.
All hip hop beats consist of a combination of the following instruments:
- Drumline- It sets up the tempo and background of the beat. It is the most important aspect of a rap beat.
- Bassline- It complements the drumline. It is not so important in the grand scheme of the beat than the drumline.
- Lead- This is the main instrument that is used to create a melody for example a piano, guitar, etc.
- Support- These are any other instruments that are used in conjunction with the melody for example minor string instruments.
- Learn proper timing
Most hip-hop beats are created in 4/4 time. This means each measure has 4 beats in it. So one measure might have a drumline, a snare, a hat, and a clap, and each play once before resetting for the next measure. The average rap beat is often around 115BPM (beats per minute). For a slower rap beat, you can use a 2/4 beat, which is 2 beats per measure.
- Know which instruments are usually present
Rap beats normally use a combination of the clap, kick, hat, and snare drum effects as their drumline, while an 808 drum or bass guitar can be used for the bass line. These are technically the only instruments you need to make a true rap beat. The lead and support instruments can be from anything from a piano to a synth.
- Consider your beat’s purpose
Normally, rap usually focuses on the spoken word more than singing. Nowadays, however, some rap artists tread the line between rap and R&B in their songs. If you’d like a portion of your beat to be a singing section, you may want to change the beat’s lead and support instruments to complement the section.
You can add rap lyrics to any 4/4 beat and have the result sound good. So if you are creating a traditional rap composition so you shouldn’t worry much about structuring your beat specifically.
Now that we have that out of the way, it’s time to make a GarageBand beat. To do this, follow these simple steps:
- Create a new project
The first step is to create a new GarageBand project. To do this, click on the GarageBand icon to open the file. Select “File” from the menu bar and then proceed to click on “New” from the drop-down menu.
- Select the tempo of your song
A “New Project” window will appear after the first step. In this window, enter a tempo of between 40bpm and 240bpm. It depends on whether you want a fast or slow song. For a slower song, a tempo of between 80-110bpm is ideal and for a fast one, a tempo of between 140-170 bpm is okay.
- Create an audio track
To do this, click on the + button in the bottom left of the GarageBand window. You will be prompted to choose the track type you want. Select “Real Instrument Track” from the options that are provided.
- Select loop
To access your audio loops, click on the “Loop Browser” button. It’s like a blue eye that appears directly to the right of the + button. After clicking the button, you will see options for different loop types in the bottom portion of your window.
Proceed to enter the words “hip hop” in the search bar directly beneath the loop browser. You will see a list of all available hip-hop drum loops and bass loops available in your loop library.
Click on each of the loops to hear them and then decide on which loops you’d like to use for your rap beat.
Click one of the desired loops and then drag it to the beginning of your audio track using your mouse,
- Repeat the loop
Repeat your loop as many times as required. To do this, hover your mouse over the right edge of the loop region in the track until a circular arrow appears. Proceed to click your mouse and drag your audio region to the right. Move it along the timeline until you want the loop to stop.
- Create a new audio track and add a second loop
You should do this directly beneath your original loop. For a richer custom beat, your audio recordings will overlap. For example, your first track can have a drum loop and a bass loop for the second. This will give you a full drum and bass beat that you can use for rap.
You can layer more tracks as needed. You can create a melody using a piano or guitar on your MIDI. You can also create support for your melody.
All in all, creating a rap beat on GarageBand is easy. Follow the steps above and you’ll be a pro in no time.